A historical retrospective of Trebinje witnesses that Trebinje has always been a cultural centre in what is today known as Eastern Herzegovina. Rich cultural heritage, numerous cultural and historical monuments, broad cultural tradition and modern cultural tendencies are connected in the unique ambient of Trebinje, in an increasingly known Jovan Ducic’s legacy:  “Trebinje – the city of culture“.

By continuous development of all that has been left for future generations to keep and by investing in modern forms of cultural life, City of Trebinje is today recognizable by its numerous cultural contents which testify to continuous historical development of Trebinje.

From the time we called it Travunia, until today when it is called Trebinje, it can be said that the city has kept the spirit of the past. Two great empires, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian, left eternal reminders of the periods when the city, despite turbulent historical trends and events, resisted the influence of time and transience.

Today Trebinje is a modern, cultural community with numerous cultural preferences such as folk tradition, music, theater, film, literature and other modern artistic creativity. According to some researches, cultural preferences are based on the synthesis of traditional and modern cultural forms,  where the inherited cultural traditions are well respected, as well as those to which we strive towards, through deconstruction of monocultural tradition and appreciation of multicultural heritage passed to us in the past.

In order to preserve and improve the cultural life, Trebinje is rich with numerous cultural events and ceremonies. Cultural policy of the local community, defined in recent years and embodied through various cultural events, gives Trebinje’s culture a completely new dimension. For a long time,  Trebinje has been the environment in which culture represents a spiritual need, and lately even more a momentum of tourism development. Because of that, Trebinje is marked as the city of culture.

“Trebinje – the city of culture”, formulated in the context of the European-Mediterranean cultural tradition, is a sort of Jovan Dučić’s legacy, one of the most significant Serbian poets. This project and identity of the city as a cultural and spiritual centre, is supplemented by cultural events which overcome regional and national character and become a meeting place of artists and cultural workers of wider significance. First of all, there is a traditional cultural event called Trebinjeˈs Summer Festival which for many years, from April to October, attracts artist and art lovers by its various and high quality contents.

During the last decade, Trebinje has become an economic, health, cultural, educational, sports and spiritual centre of East Herzegovina. Such picture of Trebinje, as cultural, educational and spiritual center of the region, is backed up by numerous educational institutions, schools, faculties, museums, legacies, galleries, art colonies, amateur theaters, cultural and artistic societies and many cultural events. There are three institutions of higher education in Trebinje: Academy of Fine Arts, Production and Management Faculty and College of Tourism and Hotel Management.

The Museum of Herzegovina (with its permanent exhibitions, numerous legacies and depots with exhibits of invaluable historical value and forums where new scientific discoveries in history, archeology and ethnography are promoted) and the National Library (with Dučić’s legacy, significant works of art and personal poet’s library) represent institutions of great importance  and pillars of cultural development of both the city and wider region.