E N E R G Y
Water is the main natural potential of the City. Due to certain climate conditions and abundance of rainfall, this region is amongst the most plentiful water areas in the Balkans and Europe. The largest source of water is the catchment area of Trebisnjica River, which covers 4.457 km2 – which has been examined in detail. Owing to previous hydro-technical projects, water – as the main natural wealth of this area, is now used for multiltiple purposes, from supplying population of urban and suburban areas, to energy facilities and electricity production, industry and service activities, as well as for irrigation of karst fields and fertile soil of Trebišnjica valley.
The area of the City is one of the few in the world where hydrological conditions have a dominant influence on the formation of natural structure and development of the city as a whole. The catchment area provides possibility for building more hydropower plants. Until this day, four hydropower plants have been built: Trebinje 1, 2, Dubrovnik – Plat and HPP Čapljina. Water, hydro-energy, agricultural land and climate are the most important natural resources of the city, which should be the basis for future development. It should be emphasized that water potential in the City of Trebinje is of an excellent quality. In other words, water is unpolluted.
Another great natural potential that hasn’t been used yet is the sun power. The City of Trebinje is one of the sunniest cities in RS (more than 260 sunny days a year). Average annual solar irradiance on a horizontal surface in RS is 1, 55 МWх/ м2 for southern parts, i.e. the City of Trebinje area. The use of solar energy is possible in two ways: solar collectors for hot water/heat and photovoltaic systems for production of electricity. The potential for investment exists also in other renewable energy resources, such as wind. The Wind Atlas, which still needs verification by wind measurements, has already been created for the territory of RS.
In accordance with the available wind potential, there are 13 locations suitable for wind power plants and all locations, except for one, are located in the South-East part of RS.
Reasons for investing in the energy sector:
– the City area is one of the richest in hydro-energy potential
– a great investment potential exists in other renewable energy resources, such as sun and wind, so these sectors can become the leading ones in the region, in terms of energy production from renewable resources
The power sector is the main sector for the economic development of Trebinje. Seven companies, with the total of 1.255 workers employed, operate in this sector.
Legal Regulations: Energy law („Official Gazette of the RS ”, number: 49/09) – Law on electricity („Official Gazette of the RS „No : 8/08 – consolidated text, 34/09, 92/09 и 01/11) – Law on Mining („Official Gazette of the RS“, No: 107/05 – consolidated text No. 75/10) – Law on Geological Research („Official Gazette of the RS“ No: 51/04 и 75/10) – Law on fees for use of natural resources for production of electricity („Official Gazette of the RS “ No: 85/03 и 75/10) – Regulations on stimulating electricity production from renewable energy resources and effective cogeneration („Official Gazette of the RS“, No. 128/11) – Regulation on energy production and consumption from renewable resources and cogeneration (“Official Gazette of the RS“, No: 28/11) – Annexes to Regulation on electricity production and consumption from renewable resources and cogeneration(„Official Gazette of the RS“, No :39/11).
I N D U S T R Y
Trebinje, as a modern and urban city, with a very low number of rural inhabitants and limited potentials for agricultural development, can base its intensive development on re-industralization. Highly developed industrial tradition in the past 50 years, the existing human resources and labor force, represent a guaranty for the development of modern industry: electrical, metal, food and textile.
The sector of processing industry represents the second sector by value of actual production. Thirty-eight companies, with 1.500 employees operate in this sector (APIF). Metal-processing and textile sectors were the most important industrial branches and pillars of earlier development of this area. There are conditions for further investments in these sectors, primarily because the production processes have no harmful environmental impacts and they provide for the indulgence of a greater workforce. Products from these two branches are mainly subjects of export.
The restructuring of “Swisslion Tool Industry Trebinje“ has started after the company had been privatized, when one part of the facility was renovated and started the production of confectionery products as a new company, under the name “Swisslion“ Trebinje. This branch of food processing industry is still expanding and achieving good results.
“Novotex“ company operated in the textile sector, but is now in the bankruptcy proceeding due to numerous problems related to business activity. A large number of trained workers, especially women are available to future investors.
Reasons for investing in the industry sector:
– long industrial tradition especially in metal processing and textile industry
– quality and availability of highly trained workforce, with competitive labor price
– favorable geographical position and low transport costs
– significant number of companies operating in this sector in the Republic of Srpska, which can be quality partners in manufacturing value chain
– the largest exporters in the Republic of Srpska come from metal and electrical sector
– Government incentives in this sector (through export subsidies and additional fiscal reliefs)
A G R I C U L T U R E
Geographical position and terrain of the City of Trebinje have influenced the development of special climate characteristics appropriate for agricultural production and life in general. The wider area of the City is characterized by two main climate types: Mediterranean and Highland mountain – a slight variant of moderate-continental climate. The variant of Mediterranean and moderate-continental climate is typical for greater part of this area. It is characterized by very long, hot and dry summers and mild, short and rainy winters. The average annual air temperature is around 14,5оC, while the average annual precipitation is from 1600 to 2800 mm. These opportunities are ideal for agricultural production during the whole year due to abundance of hot days (260 sunny days a year) and mild, but wet winters.
The favorable climate allows cultivation of specific Mediterranean crops directed to wider markets of former Yugoslavia and Europe (tobacco, early fruit and vegetables, some types of citrus fruit). In these areas, early Mediterranean fruit and vegetables ripen 30-40 days earlier than in the continental areas. When speaking of soil quality, the most common is alluvial soil where, due to irrigation and climate, different crops can be cultivated all year round (fruit, cereals, and fodder plants).
Terra Rosa, suitable for cultivation of tobacco and vine, dominates the karst plateaus and valleys. The carbonate mineral soil prevails on edges of karst fields and river valleys, where vine is generally the main subject of cultivation. As pastures cover over 80% of agricultural land, animal husbandry can be developed to achieve much higher production than before. Climatic conditions: sun, soil, distribution of rainfall, are ideal for the development of viticulture, which in this area is in expansion, as the Herzegovinian wines have already become a brand finding its way to numerous world’s markets.
For a long period of time, more than 20 wine cellars located in Тrebinje are winning enviable world awards which confirm the superior quality of wines from this region. The production of honey and wine are hence increasingly becoming a demand of the market. The city area is very suitable for beekeeping. Extremely high quality of honey is determined by aromatic herbs which grow abundantly in this area due to favorable climate conditions.
The development of beekeeping is expanding and honey from Herzegovina with its specific aroma, color and taste, often becomes an eco-food on dining tables all over the world. This part of Herzegovina can be found on many environmental maps. Due to specific characteristics of karst terrain, soil and climate, the city area has significant potentials for growing herbs.
Around 2000 plant species grow in these areas, whereof around 300 is interesting for domestic and world pharmacology. The organized purchase of herbs existed in Trebinje 60 years ago, but until today it has been mostly sold as a raw material. Right there is a potential for the development of processing industry in the field of pharmacology and cosmetics. The most widespread sort is sage, immortelle and winter savory.
The area of Trebinje is suitable for production of quality meat. Specialties such as lamb under the bell, smoked meat (prosciutto), oil marinated cheese and other, take special place on local restaurant menus.
Trebinje sees its future agricultural development in the production of high-quality organic food which is becoming a high demand in all markets. Reasons to invest in this sector:
• In the city area, 93% of agricultural land is covered by the irrigation system, which presents a huge advantage compared to other parts where this is not the case
• There are significant areas of unpolluted and fertile land, clean water sources and clean air as the basis for production of organic food
• Due to favorable geographical position, climate and different geological conditions, the biodiversity of medicinal and aromatic plants is exceptional
• Excellent conditions for fruit and vegetables production and processing. In future, it will be necessary to build purchasing stations, refrigerator and dryer for fruit (climate conditions are favorable, there is a market in the country and abroad), plantations: cherries, apples, figs, pomegranates, etc
• Excellent conditions for viticulture and enology: establishing vineyards and starting the production of grape and high-quality wines with protected geographical origin
• Villages suitable for livestock farming, production and processing of meat: construction of farms, repro centers, and production of meat and dairy products at higher levels of processing: hard and semi-hard cheese, durable and semi-durable meat products (sausages, luncheon meat)
• Climate conditions ideal for beekeeping: production of bee products with recognizable geographical origin intended for export, introduction of new products primarily for the purpose of service industry
• Climate is suitable for production and processing of herbs, mushrooms and collecting of wild fruit and snails
Legislation: Law оn Planting Material (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, numbers: 37/09, 117/11) – Law оn Agricultural Plant Seed (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, numbers: 37/09, 100/11) – of the Law on Plant Protection Means (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number 52/10) – Law on Plant Health Protection (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number: 25/09) – Law on Agricultural Land (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, numbers: 93/06, 86/07, 14/10, 5/12) – Law on Food (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number: 49/09) – Law on Wine and Brandy (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number: 71/09) – Law on Cattle breeding (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, numbers: 34/06,100/11) – Law on Veterinary (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number: 42/08, 6/12) –Law on Waters (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, numbers: 50/06, 92/09) – Law on Forests (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska“, number: 75/08). More information is available on the website of the corresponding Ministry.
T O U R I S M
The city, with its natural beauty, history and geographical position, has good potentials for tourism development. Trebinje has received significant tourist awards, as a confirmation of potentials in tourism. We should mention „ Golden Cup of Hospitality“, received from the International Centre for Development and Improvement of Catering and Tourism, SACEN International from Belgrade (2011), as well as Certificate of BEACON status in the sixth round of B&H Beacon scheme, for best practices in „Cultural Heritage, Tourism Development and Local Community Promotion“, awarded at the ceremony in Brčko, in 2012.
In the area of Trebinje, there are numerous historical monuments, religious buildings and archaeological sites. The City of Trebinje has variety of natural beauties and specificities, besides numerous cultural and historical monuments. We are proud of our gastronomic offer – traditional food and drinks, particularly high quality wines (Herzegovinian Wine Road passes through the city). Numerous hotels, motels and restaurants offer visitors full enjoyment of their stay in this city.
Natural beauty and attractions of this city are numerous: springs, abysses, caves, pits, rare vegetable and animal species, and attractive natural sites for rest, recreation and tourism (Lastva, Zubci, Bijela Gora).
The City of Trebinje has a certain accommodation capacity, such as hotels, motels, inns, eco-camp, and in total around 650 beds. This is an area of active tourism, cultural and educational institutions.
The tourism sector, along with agriculture, has been recognised as one of the strategic development potentials, with a goal to utilize enormous city’s potentialsto achieve more benefit from tourism.
More information can be found on the website of Trebinje Tourist Organization at: www.trebinjeturizam.com
Reasons for investment in the tourism sector :
– Very favourable geographical position (near the Adriatic sea as the famous tourist region )
– Variety of natural values
– Preserved environment
– Rich cultural and historical heritage
– Healthy food and traditional Herzegovinian cuisine
– Competitive prices
– Tourism Development Strategy of the Republic of Srpska 2010-2020 .
Legal Regulations: Law on Tourism (“Official Gazette of the RS „, No: 70/11 ), Law on Residence Tax (“Official Gazette of the RS „, No: 78/11), Law on Catering (“Official Gazette of the RS“, No: 15/10).